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Gynecological Health

  • Staying Healthy After Menopause

    Good nutrition and regular exercise can help you stay healthy and youthful at this stage of life.

  • Amenorrhea

    Amenorrhea is a menstrual condition in which a woman's menstrual periods are absent for more than three monthly cycles. Pregnancy is one possible cause of amenorrhea.

  • Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area

    The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva.

  • Gynecological Cancers

    Detailed information on the most common types of gynecological cancers, including symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Cervical Cancer

    Cervical cancer develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix that spread deeper or to other tissues or organs. This type of cancer occurs most often in women older than 40.

  • Chemotherapy

    Detailed information on chemotherapy for treatment of gynecological cancers

  • Gynecological Conditions

    Detailed information on the most common gynecological conditions

  • Cervicitis

    Cervicitis is an irritation of the cervix. Acute cervicitis can be caused an infection such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, or herpes. Chronic cervicitis is common in women following childbirth.

  • The Menstrual Cycle: An Overview

    A woman is generally most fertile (able to become pregnant) a few days before, during, and after ovulation.

  • Grading and Staging of Cancer

    Grading and staging cancer helps determine the best treatment.

  • Diagnostic Procedures for Cancer: Overview

    Detailed information on the most common diagnostic procedures for cancer

  • Dysmenorrhea

    Dysmenorrhea is a menstrual condition marked by severe and frequent menstrual cramps and pain. Dysmenorrhea can be either lifelong or caused by another medical condition.

  • Endometrial Cancer

    Cancer of the endometrium is a disease in which cancerous cells are found in the lining of the uterus. It is highly curable when found early.

  • Estrogen's Effects on the Female Body

    In addition to regulating the menstrual cycle, estrogen affects the reproductive tract, the urinary tract, the heart and blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous membranes, pelvic muscles, and the brain.

  • Uterine Fibroids

    Some estimates say that 20 to 50 percent of women of reproductive age have fibroids, although not all are diagnosed. In most cases, fibroids are benign.

  • General Information About Cancer: Overview

    Detailed information on cancer, including cancer diagnosis, cancer staging, cancer grading, cancer treatment, cancer surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

  • Glossary - Gynecological Health

    Glossary of terms relating to gynecological health

  • Hormone Therapy

    Detailed information on hormone therapy as one type of cancer treatment

  • Menopausal Hormone Therapy

    If you use or are considering using hormone therapy, discuss the possible benefits and risks with your health care provider.

  • Hysterectomy

    Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time.

  • Immunotherapy/Biological Therapy

    Detailed information on biological therapy, also called immunotherapy, biological response modifier therapy, or biotherapy

  • Home Page - Gynecological Health

    Detailed information on gynecological health, including anatomy of the female pelvis, gynecological statistics, menstrual conditions, menopause, gynecological inflammations, gynecological infections, hysterectomy, and gynecological cancers

  • Gynecological Inflammations and Infections

    Detailed information on the most common gynecological inflammations and infections, including vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease

  • Menopause

    Detailed information on menopause, including perimenopause, hormone replacement therapy, and staying healthy after menopause

  • Menorrhagia

    Menorrhagia is the most common type of abnormal uterine bleeding. In some cases, bleeding may be so severe that it interrupts daily activities.

  • Menstrual Conditions

    Detailed information on the most common menstrual conditions, including premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and menorrhagia

  • Endometriosis

    Women with endometriosis develop tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue outside the uterus, usually on other reproductive organs inside the pelvis or in the abdominal cavity.

  • Online Resources - Gynecological Health

    List of online resources to find additional information on gynecological health

  • Ovarian Cancer

    Ovarian cancer can develop in one of three types—the first, on the surface of the ovary; the second, in the cells that form the eggs; the third, in the cells that produce female hormones.

  • Overview of Cancer

    Detailed information on cancer, including primary and metastatic cancers, and benign and malignant tumors

  • Pap Test

    A Pap test is a way for your doctor to examine cells collected from the cervix for infection, inflammation, or cancer.

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

    PMDD is a much more severe form of premenstrual syndrome. Women with a personal or family history of mood disorders or postpartum depression may be at higher risk for this disorder.

  • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

    Most females experience some unpleasant or uncomfortable symptoms during their menstrual cycle. The type and intensity of symptoms vary.

  • Radiation Therapy and Cancer Treatment

    Detailed information on radiation therapy, one type of cancer therapy

  • Recognizing Gynecologic Problems

    Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle. If you notice anything different or unusual, talk with your health care provider.

  • Safer Sex Guidelines

    The only safe sex is no sex, most health care providers say. But certain precautions and safe behaviors can minimize a person's risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease.

  • Topic Index - Gynecological Health

    Detailed information on gynecological health, including anatomy of the female pelvis, gynecological statistics, menstrual conditions, menopause, gynecological inflammations, gynecological infections, hysterectomy, and gynecological cancers

  • Statistics: Gynecological Health at a Glance

    Cancer of the endometrium is the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs.

  • Surgery

    Detailed information the most common types of surgery to treat cancer, including biopsy, endoscopy, laparoscopy, laparotomy, laser surgery, cryosurgery, electrosurgery, and excisional surgery

  • Cancer Treatment: Overview

    Detailed information on the most common types of cancer treatment, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

  • Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Overview

    The conventional, primary methods of treating cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy/biological therapy. Your doctor will determine which treatment or treatments are best for you.

  • Uterine Cancer

    Cancer of the uterus usually occurs around the time menopause begins. The occasional reappearance of bleeding should not be considered simply part of menopause, but should be checked by a doctor.

  • Vaginal Cancer

    Cancer of the vagina is rare. Certain factors thought to raise the risk for this type of cancer include advancing age, history of cervical cancer, and infection with the human papillomavirus.

  • Vaginitis

    Vaginitis is a common problem for women of all ages. Bacteria, yeast, viruses, and chemicals in creams or sprays can cause it.

  • Vulvitis

    Vulvitis is an inflammation of the vulva, the soft folds of skin outside the vagina. It is a symptom of a host of diseases, infections, injuries, and allergies.

  • Vulvar Cancer

    Nearly 90 percent of vulvar cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Melanoma is the second most common type of vulvar cancer.

  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome

    People with this syndrome have dark moles around the mouth, nose, and eyes, as well as multiple polyps in the intestines.

  • Ovarian Cancer as Part of Lynch Syndrome

    A woman with this type of hereditary colon cancer is at increased risk for ovarian cancer.

  • Hereditary Breast Ovarian Cancer Syndrome (BRCA1/BRCA2)

    A woman with this syndrome may develop breast cancer before age 50 and is at higher risk for developing cancer in both breasts or in both the breasts and ovaries.

  • Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (Gorlin Syndrome)

    The risk for ovarian cancer and skin cancer is increased with basal cell nevus syndrome, a rare genetic disorder.

  • Genetics of Ovarian Cancer

    Detailed information on the genetics of ovarian cancer, including hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, ovarian cancer and hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer, and basal cell nevus syndrome (Gorlin syndrome)

  • Introduction to Menopause

    When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. This stage signals the end of a woman's ability to have children.

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

    Untreated, PID can cause infertility and can also lead to chronic infection or even peritonitis.

  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

    This syndrome results from several related factors, including insulin resistance. This can lead to obesity and type 2 diabetes and affect fertility.

  • Pelvic Pain

    Pelvic pain is a common complaint among women. Its nature and intensity may fluctuate, and its cause is often obscure.

  • Perimenopause

    Perimenopause is the period of time before menstruation stops. This time is marked by changes in the menstrual cycle, along with other physical and emotional symptoms.

  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

    Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.