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Eye Care

  • Cataracts and Cataract Surgery

    A cataract is a clouding or opaque area over the lens of the eye—an area that's normally transparent. As less light reaches the retina, it becomes increasingly harder to see and vision may become dull and blurry.

  • Correcting or Improving Vision Problems

    Detailed information on correcting or improving vision problems

  • Cosmetic Safety for Contact Lens Wearers

    Detailed information on cosmetic safety for contact lens wearers

  • Diabetic Retinopathy

    Diabetic retinopathy is the most common eye disease in people with diabetes and a leading cause of blindness in the United States. If you have diabetes, you can reduce your risk for this disorder by keeping your blood sugar levels under tight control.

  • Eye Disorders

    Detailed information on the most common eye disorders, including age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, refractive errors, and retinitis pigmentosa

  • Common Eye Disorders

    One common eye disorder is conjunctivitis, sometimes called pink eye. It's an inflammation of the blood vessels in the eye membrane. Another common disorder is a chalazion—a small bump that develops on the upper or lower eyelid.

  • Eye Care Specialists

    An ophthalmologist is either a medical doctor (M.D.) or an osteopathic physician (D.O.). An optometrist is a doctor of optometry (O.D.) but is not a medical doctor. An optician is a technician who fits eyeglasses.

  • Eye Examinations

    During an eye exam, an eye doctor reviews your medical history and completes a series of tests to determine the health of your eyes.

  • First Aid for Eyes

    Detailed information on first-aid for eyes and eye safety

  • Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses

    Eyeglasses are the most common form of eyewear used to correct or improve many types of vision problems. Contact lenses are worn directly on the cornea of the eye.

  • Glaucoma

    Glaucoma is a condition in which the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises because the fluid aqueous humor is not able to drain properly. This pressure damages the optic nerve.

  • Glossary - Eye Care

    Glossary of terms relating to eye care

  • Anatomy of the Eye

    The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.

  • Home Page - Eye Care

    Detailed information on eye care, including anatomy of the eye, eye care specialists, eye examinations, correcting or improving vision, low vision, eye disorders, and eye safety

  • Low-Vision Devices

    Low-vision devices are categorized as either optical or nonoptical. Optical devices are magnifying lenses or closed circuit TV. Nonoptical devices are large-print books and talking computers.

  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

    Age-related macular degeneration is a disease that affects an individual's central vision, making it difficult of read, drive, or perform other daily activities.

  • Online Resources - Eye Care

    List of online resources to find additional information on eye care

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa

    Detailed information on retinitis pigmentosa, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Eye Safety

    Detailed information on eye safety and tips to avoid eye injury

  • Avoiding Eye Injuries

    Detailed information on eye safety and tips to avoid eye injury

  • Topic Index - Eye Care

    Detailed information on eye care, including anatomy of the eye, eye care specialists, eye examinations, correcting or improving vision, low vision, eye disorders, and eye safety

  • Corrective Eye Surgery for Refractive Errors

    Detailed information on the most common types of corrective eye surgery for refractive errors, including lasik surgery, photorefractive keratectomy surgery, radial keratotomy surgery, astigmatic keratotomy surgery, and automated lamellar keratoplasty surg

  • Eye Safety at the Computer

    Detailed information on eye safety at the computer and ways to avoid eye strain

  • Refractive Errors

    Astigmatism is one type of refractive error. It's a condition in which an abnormal curvature of the cornea can cause two focal points to fall in two different locations—making objects up close and at a distance appear blurry.

  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

    When one of the vessels that carry blood to your eye’s retina gets blocked, this can cause painless but usually sudden vision loss in one eye. Doctors call this a central retinal artery occlusion.